- UNIROMA3 Università degli studi Roma Tre – Centro di Eccellenza Altiero Spienelli (Italy)
- Madrid Municipal Police (Spain)
- Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
- Viseo Technologies (France)
- Università Cattolica di Milano (Italy)
- Zanasi & Partners (Italy)
- Royal Military Academy (Belgium)
- Local Police Voorkempen (Belgium)
- Open University (United Kingdom)
- Ministero della Giustizia – Polizia Penitenziaria (Italy)
- Regional Police Headquarters in Radom (Poland)
- Tecoms (Italy)
- IDC Herzliya Center (Israel)
- Bureau of Prevention of the National Police Headquarters of the Republic of Poland (Poland)
- Ministry of the Interior – Department of Public Security (Italy)
- The State Police of Latvia (Latvia)
- Portuguese Prison and Probation Service (Portugal)
- Local Police of Turin (Italy)
- Expert System Iberia (Spain)
- Provincial Police Headquarters in Gdansk (Poland)
- Albanian State Police (Albania)
UNIROMA3 UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI ROMA TRE – CENTRO DI ECCELLENZA ALTIERO SPINELLI (CeAS)
The Università degli Studi “Roma Tre” has over 40,000 students and 3,000 staff across 12 Departments and has a long record of high quality research and teaching. Within the University, the Centro di eccellenza Europeo “Altiero Spinelli” – Per l’Europa dei Popoli e la Pace nel Mondo, (Centre of excellence Altiero Spinelli: CeAS), was founded on the initiative of the Jean Monnet Chair of EU law and institutions, active since 1999. The Centre is engaged principally in thematic sectors, such as: European citizenship and fundamental rights, area of freedom, security and justice, judicial cooperation; European legal systems and uniform law; European social model, asylum and immigration policies; Euro-Mediterranean integration and intercultural dialogue; European Union external action, security policies, cooperation development and humanitarian aid. Other fields covered are: single market and consumer law; environmental protection. All CeAS activities are documented and made available to the public, by direct access or on a registration basis, in our website and also through audio-visual resources. In this way, we aim to take an active part in the debate on institutional dynamics and socio-political and cultural issues affecting the progress of the process of European integration. CeAS comes within the network of the Jean Monnet centres of excellence, operating in the field of European studies, in order to promote and develop research and study activities, advanced training courses (masters and post-graduate courses), conferences, seminars and publications, and to offering moreover assistance and consultancy in areas of competence of the European Union.
Main Activities. In the course of the years CeAS has been active in the research field, with printed publications (in particular the six-monthly journal “La cittadinanza europea”, the monographs series “Quaderni del Centro Altiero Spinelli”, and other publications included in its “International Catalogue”), in addition to on-line publications (available at http://www.centrospinelli.eu/), as well as in the field of higher education, through international post-graduate courses about European Union, Peacekeeping and European Union External Action – with a full involvement of NGOs, Military Forces and International Organizations like UN, Red Cross, Unicef and so forth, such as the Master in: “European Citizenship” (2000-2007); “European Citizenship and Euro-Mediterranean Integration” (2007-2016); “Peacekeeping & Security Studies (1999-2014).
MADRID MUNICIPAL POLICE
Madrid City Council (Ayuntamiento de Madrid, ADM), is a public institution whose Police Department, Municipal Police Force of Madrid, an armed force of civil nature with hierarchical structure and organization, is framed in the General Coordination for Security and Emergencies under the authority of Madrid City Council. With a work force of 6500, Madrid Municipal Police is the largest local Force in Spain, whose main aim is to provide security in different areas, preventing and responding to civilian security problems and assisting victims, ensuring order and security during large influx of public events in collaboration with other security forces and organizers, road safety, community policing, criminal investigation, etc.
The force is organized in Inspections, Sub-inspections and Units. The operating Units are of two types: territorial and specialized. The city of Madrid is divided in 21 districts and each one of them counts with a Municipal Police Unit commanded by a high rank officer, except for the Centre District, which for operational purposes is divided into two Units. All 22 Police District Units are primarily responsible for monitoring public spaces, ensuring normal living and preventing criminal acts, adding to this the tasks in administrative police and coordination with the Body of Mobility Agents (Traffic Cops) directing traffic in the city and enforcing its rules. Every District Police Unit includes a group of Police officers (School Cops or Guardians Agents) dedicated to protect minors and ensure safety in school environment, as well as a Citizen’s Assistance Office where demands from citizens are collected and processed. This type of administrative and police decentralization claims that the organization is as close as possible to the citizen. The institution includes 18 Specialized Units with functions to perform specific tasks such as public safety, road safety and investigation of motor vehicles accidents, judicial police, environment, gender and domestic violence or hate crimes, providing support to other Units.
As an example, between January 2013 and November 15, 2015, a total of 120 people have been arrested in Spain for its involvement in Islamist terrorism-related activities. Madrid, as a European capital which has already suffered one of the major terrorist attacks in history, and historically it has suffered other kinds of extremist terrorism (ETA, GAL, etc.), so it has had to remain in alert status in order to prevent those events from happening again. European local police are the closest police forces to the citizens, and therefore, the first to warn of the sociological changes in neighborhoods, and early signs of radicalization. Cities and municipalities are the first to adopt preventive and reactive measures. Equipping their police officers with the necessary knowledge before those risks take place is crucial in order to articulate protocols and procedures that advise the mayors.
Madrid Municipal Police has been pioneering through the Madrid Integral Training Center of Safety and Emergency (CIFSE) training both its police, as other institutions or bodies, which are formed transversely in this institution. Regarding Radicalism is essential the information obtained by police officers working in the “citizen’s assistance offices” (one per each district) which amongst other duties, are in charge of periodically communicate with the associative network of those districts by interviews, visits, meetings etc. and therefore, gaining possible relevant and delicate information about radicalism as a precursor of violent action. We also have the figure of the “guardian agents”, which are in direct contact with schools and youngsters, and last but not least, the new unit of managing diversity, which takes care of hate crimes, amongst other issues. The ultimate goal is that these police officers, regardless the European organization to which they belong, but specially at local level, acquire and internalize the skills needed in order to detect radical people’s attitudes in their daily work.
UNIVERSIDAD POLITÉCNICA DE MADRID
The Technical University of Madrid (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, UPM) is the largest Technical University in Spain devoted to technical and engineering studies. UPM drives the technological development in Spain and plays an important role in European research and academic activities. UPM has been the largest Spanish public contractor to the European Commission (position kept in FP4, FP5, FP6, FP7, H2020). Most of the international R&D activities performed by IT Spanish companies have been seeded by UPM. Current turnover for research activities is about 60 M€, including European and National programmes as well as private contracts with international companies. UPM is Board Member of the BDVA (Big Data Value Association).
UPM participates in the project through the Telematics Systems Engineering Department (DIT), the largest university research group on Telematics in Spain. In addition to this research activity, other representation and organisational activities are carried out by members of the Department in international consortia and working groups, programme committees in major congresses or conferences, organisation of international events, national and international research programmes, etc. The staff of the Department includes approximately 90 full time staff members, including professors (13 full Prof. and 28 Associate Prof.), as well as PhDs, lecturers, research assistants and support staff. The Department currently has about 1500 students (including pre- and post-graduate students).
The research group involved in TRIVALENT is the Intelligent Systems Group (GSI) UPM. GSI has extensive experience in natural language processing, semantic technologies, social simulation and agreement technologies. In addition, GSI has been very active in knowledge transfer. In 1998 it was launched Daedalus by GSI, the first university spin off company at UPM, centered on natural language processing. Especially relevant to this project are the experiences with the work done in developing lexical resources, such as the available ARIES platform, with more than 40.000 Spanish lemmas, which is currently exploited by the GSI spin-off Daedalus. GSI-UPM has expertise in semantic domain ontologies for information retrieval, and participates in international forums such as CLEF (Cross Language Evaluation Forum) since 2003, in both monolingual and multilingual experiments, with remarkable results, In addition, GSI-UPM has published semantic vocabularies for Linked Opinions (Marl) and Linked Emotions (Onyx). In addition, GSI-UPM has participated in challenges such as TASS (Sentiment Analysis for Spanish Tweets) and UPM will contribute to TRIVALENT with (A) Experience and expertise associated to testing and simulation techniques (such as ); (B) Experience and expertise in semantic task automation with their ontology EWE and open source semantic task automation framework EweTasker; and (C) Experience and expertise in analysis of social systems, such as code repositories, idea management systems or social networks, thanks to their participation in projects such as FP7 EuroSentiment or H2020 MixedEmotions.
Viseo Technologies is part of the Viseo Group. Viseo is a French intermediate size company specialized in information systems and digital marketing with a turnover of 131 M€ and 1200 employees (2016). Its Research and Development center, created 5 years ago works on Data Analysis with a special focus on Data Management & Deep Analytics: smart data analysis (texts and logs), data mining, natural language processing, semantic web, machine learning and process mining. The R&D department has recognized competences in its different domains of expertise and is now working on knowledge representation and reasoning through its participation in SMILK, its joint research Laboratory with INRIA, focused on NLP, linked open data and social Networks. Viseo R&D is currently the coordinator of two collaborative projects, one being SAFFRON (Semantic Analysis against Foreign Fighters Recruitment Online Network) . Besides Viseo R&D also collaborates with Viseo Innovation on the topics of chatbots and IoT in general.
UNIVERSITÀ CATTOLICA DI MILANO
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (UCSC) is the only university in Italy operating on a national scale with its four campuses. Since its foundation in 1921, thousands of students have graduated from the university, many of whom having reached notable levels of achievement in diverse professional spheres. UCSC operates in both humanities and sciences with 38 bachelor degree programmes, 1 four years degree programme, four intensive-study degree programmes, 53 schools of specialization, almost 100 master degree programmes. Research activity draws on 54 institutes, 22 departments, and 70 research centres, and is aimed towards the study and understanding of crucial issues to life and society: new frontiers in economics and bioethics, changes in the field of law, family and cultural trends, mass media, changes in political systems, aims and goals of medicine, technological applications of mathematics and physics, and the most recent discoveries in environmental research. The project is carried out by ITSTIME – Italian Team for Security, Terroristic Issues & Managing Emergencies, a research centre of the Department of Sociology of the Catholic University. Our multidisciplinary approach allows us to develop and conduct research focused on security issues from different perspectives. ITSTIME is a “project” because it addresses both theoretically and empirically the new challenges in the post 9/11 world. The missions of the project are threefold: to address security, intended as a condition that results from the establishment and maintenance of protective measures able to promote citizens’ wellness and democratic vitality of the institutions; to deal with Terrorism, as a long term threat that must be addressed through preventive and well-constructed measures; to Manage Emergencies in order to develop helpful practices both for citizens and institutions. ITSTIME collaborates with public and private subjects interested in monitoring different types of threats, elaborating potential risk scenarios, planning prevention strategies, developing plans for responding to emergency situations, including natural disaster and anthropic events.
ZANASI & PARTNERS
Founded in 2006, limited liability company under the Italian law since 2007, Zanasi & Partners (registered brand of “Zanasi Alessandro srl”) is a security research and advisory company active in EU and MENA areas. Z&P serves its customers by focusing on technology solutions. Its main clients include national and international public institutions – including LEAs and intelligence agencies – and leading technology companies. Its professionals and partners (former LEA officers, academic and industrial researchers) can rely on a twofold background: security/intelligence and advanced technology skills. The company was appointed full member of ESRIF (European Security Research and Innovation Forum) in 2007, following the appointment of its founder to ESRAB (European Security Research Advisory Board) in 2005.
ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY
The Royal Military Academy is a military institution of university education responsible for the academic, military and physical training of future officers, and for the continuing advanced training of officers during their active career in the Defence department. The department within ERM – KMS participating in the Trivalent proposal is the Department of Economics, Management & Leadership (DEML). DEML has centered its research activities under the umbrella term “Risk, Crisis and Disaster Management”. The research activities from the team cover different domains such as disaster management, organizational trauma research, crisis communication, effects of terrorism and defence economics. The Royal Military Academy has a legal personality different from that of the Belgian State. All the research activities within the ERM – KMS that are not funded by the Belgian Defence are run by the ERM – KMS with its own legal personality. In this capacity the ERM – KMS has already coordinated different European projects (e.g. the FRESP, TIRAMISU, ICARUS, SafeShore and DOTNAC projects). ERM – KMS not only acts as a pure research institute, but is closely committed to the end users and strongly collaborates with different LEAs in the fight against radicalisation and terrorism. At the moment the academy’s premises provide the home base for the anti-terror operation ‘Operation Homeland’ in Brussels.
LOCAL POLICE VOORKEMPEN
The Belgian police is structured on two levels: the federal and the local level. These two levels are autonomous and come under the authority of different departments. Together, the Local Police and Federal Police perform the integrated police function. They complement one another and work in close cooperation in order to contribute to security and to maintain democracy in Belgium. The local level is made up of police zones. Each police zone is composed of one or several municipalities. The Local Police perform the “basic police function”. Concretely, this means that each zone has to carry out at least seven basic missions: district policing, reception, intervention, aid to victims, local investigation, public order and traffic. The Local Police are also supposed to accomplish some federal police missions. These include for example the maintenance of law and order during major events or soccer matches. The Local Police are composed of 189 police zones spread over the whole territory of Belgium and employ almost 33,000 staff members. The Local Police Voorkempen is formed by the municipalities Brecht, Malle, Schilde and Zoersel and is situated in the east side of the province of Antwerp (known for his harbour). The core business of the Local Police Voorkempen is: to make sure that every citizen can exercise his fundamental rights and freedoms without harming those of others. Local Police Voorkempen provides a basic police function in the first place for all those who live, work or visit the one of the four municipalities. This is to be done by operating friendly and problem-solving. Providing effective victim support and doing proper effectively investigations and the managing of local events and/or traffic flows. In case of a major incidents and/or a disaster, we deploy a certain number of perimeters to protect the citizens and our own police officers. As a first responder and LEA end-user, we are able to describe the needs on the field and to translate them in clear functional requirements. Therefore we can help to put in place different use case scenarios to test and demonstrate the final system. As end-user we will also look at possible security issues. Finally we could take the lead in WP 6 about Identification of the skills needed to use new technologies against radicalisation.
The Knowledge Media institute (KMi) of the Open University (OU) was set up in 1995 to be at the forefront of research and development at the OU. With 250000 students, the OU is considered one of the largest in Europe. KMi consists of over 60 researchers, and has been involved in a large number of EU and national projects. KMi has a long history of researching and developing social software and online community analytic tools and algorithms. Since its creation, KMi has published more than 1000 scientific papers, and participated in over 100 projects. The KMi team has extensive experience in social media analysis, semantic web, and data and web science, acquired from earlier and on-going European projects, in particular H2020 COMRADES, FP7 ROBUST, EPSRC ReelLives, FP7 Sense4Us, FP7 DecarboNet, and many others. The research conducted by the teams in the context of these projects is focused on a diverse set of analysis of online communities, digital social networks, behaviour analysis, and monitoring and predicting community evolution and engagement. KMi has also been researching the use of social media for policing and radicalisation analysis. TRIVALENT will capitalize on this expertise to research and develop advanced data processing and analysis algorithms to detect online radicalisation behaviour and networks, and to categorise given social media accounts according to their apparent radicalisation-stance.
MINISTERO DELLA GIUSTIZIA – POLIZIA PENITENZIARIA
The Penitentiary Administration Department is in charge of promoting and implementing treatment and rehabilitation programs along with safety and security instruments to be applied in 197 Italian penitentiary premises. In this frame, the Directorate-General for Training (DGT) is in charge of drafting and implementing training programs for all penitentiary staff (prison governors, rehabilitation officers, probation officers,psychologists, financial, penitentiary police). Training courses are at initial, in service and specialising levels and are carried out in the seven Training Academies that are under the supervision of the Directorate-General for Training
REGIONAL POLICE HEADQUARTERS IN RADOM
Regional Police Headquarters based in Radom is an uniformed and armed force which fulfilling their tasks under the Act of Police (6th of April 1990). The area of operations is Mazovian voivodship – (excluding the territorial competence of the Metropolitan Police Hq – Warsaw and towns around) – this is the area of 29 500 km².The Mazovian garrison employs 6,500 officers and employees of the Police. There are: Regional Police Headquarters, 4 City Police Hq and 24 District Police Headquarters. We may enumerate six main priorities of Mazovian Police such as:
- Priority I – to ensure a real increase of citizens’ satisfaction with the quality of policemen’s work as well as the elimination of particularly socially undesirable behaviours.
- Priority II – improvement of safety in connection with mass events
- Priority III – to increase the effectiveness of Police investigations which are led on scene of crime or offence
- Priority IV – to improve road traffic safety
- Priority V – enlargement of policemen’s and employees’ satisfaction level through the assurance of optimum conditions to realization of tasks
- Priority VI – action aiming to limit of juvenile delinquency and improvement of young people’s safety.
The main goal is to serve and protect people, as well as to maintain public order and security.
The usual police activities include:
- the protection of people`s health and life, the protection of property,
- the protection of public safety and order,
- creating and organizing “community policing” and crime prevention activities,
- combating crimes and offences, arresting people who committed crimes,
- the control of regulations, regarding public life and public spaces,
- the cooperation with police forces from other countries and international organizations
Founded in 2003, Tecoms is an SME operating in the fields of research, development and distribution of technologies for intelligence and investigations, for LEAs and intelligence agencies. Tecoms is specialized in providing solutions for investigations and intelligence purposes: phone data analytics (call data record, cell site dumps, GPS, forensic extractions, external sources), social media analytics, audio, video and positioning data acquisition, management and analysis. Has also experience in counter terror risk assessment activities, and cooperation with LEAs CT units providing intelligence tools.
IDC Herzliya CENTER
The International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) founded in 1996 is one of the leading academic institutes for counter-terrorism in the world, facilitating international cooperation in the global struggle against terrorism.
ICT is an independent think tank providing expertise in terrorism, counter-terrorism, homeland security, threat vulnerability, risk assessment, intelligence analysis, national security and defense policy.
It serves as a joint forum for international policymakers and scholars to share information and expertise through research papers, situation reports and academic publications for worldwide distribution. A number of international seminars, workshops and conferences are organized monthly by ICT to discuss and educate on global and regional issues of security, defense, and public policy in order to better facilitate the exchange of perspectives, information and proposals for policy action.
ICT administers the largest public domain research database on the Internet encompassing global terrorist attacks, terrorist organizations and activists in addition to statistical reports.
ICT draws upon a comprehensive and international network of individuals and organizations with unique expertise on terrorism and counter-terrorism research, public policy analysis and education, dispersed all over the world, including the United States, European Union and Israel. ICT has signed partnerships with, among others, the following institutes: ICSR at King’s College London, INSCT at Syracuse University, the DHS Center of Excellence CREATE at USC as well as with the City of Los Angeles and the think tanks of the Italian and Korean Ministries of Defense.
An acclaimed management and research staff at ICT spearheads the Institute’s efforts to coordinate the struggle against global terrorism and leads a worldwide team of affiliates and academic partners working to encourage cooperation among experts and disseminate innovative ideas for policymakers in the fight against terrorism. ICT stands out as a benchmark institute through its:
- Acclaimed faculty and management team
- Bridge between academia and practice
- Israeli experience and world knowledge
- Dedicated focus on counter-terrorism and security policy
- Real world pragmatic policy proposals and solutions
- Unique methodologies
- Interdisciplinary focus
- Innovative policy options
- Original, out of the box, approach to policy-making through education
- Large public domain research on the internet
- The proactive solicitation of these ideas to international decision-makers and leaders
ICT is a non-profit organization located at The Interdisciplinary Center, which relies exclusively on private donations and revenue from events, projects and programs.
The Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya is Israel’s first privately funded fully- accredited institution of higher education with a broad range of undergraduate and graduate programs. Since its founding, the IDC Herzliya has been a leading force in academic life in Israel, at the forefront of constitutional and governmental reconstructions, economic growth, political and strategic re-evaluations of Israel’s foreign relations, as well as the country’s social and moral agenda.
The IDC Herzliya is unique in its interdisciplinary approach towards education and research, combining theory and real-world experience, providing its students with skills of the highest level. Rooted in the twin concepts of individual freedom and responsibility, the IDC Herzliya’s mission emphasizes entrepreneurship and leadership alongside a strong commitment to community service. The IDC Herzliya’s faculty is world renowned. The faculty of government studies includes scholars famous for their work on the Middle East, conflict resolution, international relations, public policy and counter-terrorism.
The IDC Herzliya takes great pride in its faculty of 130 permanent tenure-track faculty members, over 450 external adjunct faculty, a select student body of 6,500, 8 schools, 12 research centers and institutions, including world renowned International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), The Institute for Policy and Strategy (IPS) and more.
The IDC Herzliya bilateral agreements – notably with the University of Pennsylvania, The Wharton School of Business, The Maxwell School of Syracuse University, Heinrich-Heine University of Düsseldorf, Hong Kong University, Jacobs Bremen University, Singapore Management University – are a testament to the quality education it offers, exchanging more than 100 students per year. An international representation of 1,600 students from no less than eighty countries study in its undergraduate and graduate level programs presented entirely in English. The interdisciplinary research is recognized world-wide in both competitive grants and publications.
Bureau of Prevention of the National Police Headquarters of the Republic of Poland
The Polish National Police is established as uniformed and armed force serving the society and aiming at the protection of people’s safety and the maintenance of public security and order.
The Polish National Police consists of the following services: criminal, prevention service and service providing support for the Police activities in the field of organization, logistics and technology. The Police Commander in Chief – Head of the National Police Headquarters, reporting to the Minister competent for internal affairs, is the government administration authority. Police authorities on the territory of the voivodships/provinces are the Regional Police Commander, the Poviat/Municipal Police Commander and the Police Station Commander.
The territorial scope of activities of the authorities corresponds to the state administrative division. In Poland there are 16 Regional Police Headquarters (RPHq) in Bialystok, Bydgoszcz, Gdansk, Gorzow Wielkopolski, Katowice, Kielce, Krakow, Lublin, Lodz, Olsztyn, Opole, Poznan, Radom, Rzeszow, Szczecin, Wrocław, Metropolitan Police Headquarters in Warsaw, which also acts as a regional headquarters, 348 local Police headquarters and about 1000 Police Stations. There are about 100 000 Police officers in Poland supported by about 25 000 civilian staff members.
The police perform the tasks laid down in Chapter 1 of the Act of 6th April 1990 on the Police:
- the protection of people`s health and life, the protection of property,
- the protection of public security and order,
- creating and organizing “community policing” and crime prevention activities,
- detecting crimes and misdemeanors, arresting people who commited crimes,
- the control of following regulations, regarding public life and public spaces,
- the cooperation with police forces from other countries and international organizations.
The Bureau of Prevention of the National Police Headquarters, which is i.a. responsible for creation, performance and promotion of programmes aimed at crime prevention and cooperation of Police with relevant institutions, NGO’s and society in this area, has a vast experience in conducting international cooperation in the field of training, education and exchanging experiences with foreign police forces and other institutions. This work is done through the participation of the representatives of the Bureau in numerous international conferences, seminars and workshops, projects co-financed by European Union Programmes, trainings organized by CEPOL and other initiatives. On the everyday basis cooperation in the field of crime prevention and exchanging information and good practise is realized through EUCPN (European Crime Prevention Network) channel.
In 2016, with regard to possible threats related to radicalization leading to terrorism, an oficer of the Bureau of Prevention became a representant of the Polish Police in a police and law enforcement Working Group RAN POL (Radicalisation Awareness Network) an international community of professionals involved in preventing radicalisation and violent extremism throughout Europe.
Ministry of the Interior – Department of Public Security
The Ministry of the Interior is a government agency of Italy headquartered in Rome. It is responsible for internal security, the protection of the constitutional order, civil protection against disasters and terrorism, as well as displaced persons and administrative issues. It is made up of 5 departments: public security, immigration and civil liberties, internal affairs, firefighters, public rescue and civil defence and civil personnel administration.
In the Italian Public Security system the Minister of the Interior is the Public Security National Authority and he is responsible for public order and security maintenance. In the carrying out of his/her function of public order and security high direction and co-ordination of police forces’ tasks and activities, the Minister is supported, at central level, by the Public Security Department and, at local level, by provincial and local authorities.
The Department of Public Security, as the body supporting the Minister of the Interior in public order and national security matters, coordinates all the Italian Police Forces with a general competence (the National Police, the Carabinieri Corps, the Guardia di Finanza, the Penitentiary Police and the State Corps of Foresters) in the analysis, prevention and fight against all forms of crime and terrorism, as well as in public order and in the management of migration policy, with particular reference to the fight against illegal migratory flows. It currently employs around 110.000 personnel. The Department of Public Security is headed by the Chief of Police – Director General of Public Security. The Chief of Police is designated by the Minister of the Interior and appointed by the President of the Italian Republic, subject to the resolution of the Council of ministers. He is assisted by a First Deputy Director General, a Deputy Director General responsible for the Co-ordination of Police Forces, and a Deputy Director General in charge of the Criminal Police Central Directorate.
The Department of Public Security consists of a Secretariat, 13 Central Directorates and 4 Offices. Some of them have an interagency status as they are staffed with personnel from the different Police Forces. In Italy there are five police forces with general competence: the National Police, the Carabinieri Corps, Guardia di Finanza, Penitentiary Police and State Corps of Foresters. For this reason the police forces coordination and planning activity represents a fundamental component for the establishment of a common strategy in the security field. Said task is assigned to the Office for Coordination and Planning of Police Forces, a multiagency central office of the Public Security Department responsible, at central level, for the technicaloperational coordination of the Italian Police Forces and for the implementation of the Minister of the Interior’s guidelines, within the planning and coordination tasks entrusted to it by law.
Central Directorate of Prevention Police (Direzione Centrale della Polizia di Prevenzione – DCPP) The Central Directorate of Prevention Police (DCPP) is responsible for gathering information pertaining to security matters and countering terrorism. The DCPP is entrusted with the task of providing and coordinating specialist support for investigations carried out by the Digos offices, i.e. local counterterrorism. offices targeting domestic and international terrorist organisations. In this connection, it exchanges operational information with foreign law-enforcement and intelligence/security services. It is entrusted with monitoring and analysing phenomena such violent extremism, xenophobia, racism and anti-semitism. The DCPP is also involved in the monitoring of Islamic associations to prevent the spread of radical tendencies and participates, with its officials, to the bodies set up by the Minister of the Interior to promote intercultural and interreligious dialogue. Through the General Affairs Office, the DCPP is also involved in the training and retraining of personnel also of territorial offices (Digos).
The State Police of Latvia (Latvia)
The State Police is a State direct administration institution under the supervision of the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Latvia, which in accordance with its competency is responsible for implementation of the State policy in the field of combating crime and the protection of public order and safety, as well as in the field of protection of the rights and freedoms and the legitimate interests of persons. The State Police is led by Chief of the State Police.
The tasks of the State Police of Latvia are:
- to guarantee the safety of persons and society;
- to prevent criminal offences and other violations of law;
- to disclose criminal offences and search for persons who have committed criminal offences;
- to provide assistance, in accordance with procedures prescribed by law, to institutions, private persons and unions of persons in the protection of their rights and the carrying out of tasks prescribed by law;
- to implement, within the scope of its competence, administrative sanctions and criminal sentences.
State Police is financed by the state budget of the Republic of Latvia.
Appropriate structure of State Police for this project would be Central Criminal Police Department, Investigation Support Department, Counter Terrorism Unit “OMEGA”.
PORTUGUESE PRISON AND PROBATION SERVICE
Directorate-General of Reintegration and Prison Service (DGRSP), successor by merger in 2012 of the General Directorate of Probation Services and General Directorate of the Prison Service, has the mission “to develop policies for crime prevention, enforcement of sentences and measures and social reintegration and articulated and complementary management of juvenile justice system and prison systems, ensuring conditions consistent with human dignity and contributing to the defense of order and social peace “(Article 2 of decree-law No. 215/2012 of 28 September).
The wider scope of work in the field of the enforcement of judicial sentences encourages greater consistency and responsiveness “… centered on the individual from pre-sentence decisions to release, preparing, in cooperation with other public and private sector, opportunities for change and social reintegration, reducing the negative consequences of deprivation of liberty and reducing the risk of recidivism “(cfr. Preâmbulo, DL No. 215/2012 of September 28).
These principles and values foresee a systemic vision of the service, inevitably focused on its recognition within society and institutions, as a promoter of change in behaviour and civil society protection. DGRSP has the legal competency to execute all judicial measures, depriving and non-depriving of freedom, which includes the “security measures” applied to offenders with mental health disorders and those found non-reliable by court.
DGRSP has also the responsibility to, in cooperation with the public health system, provide medical care and treatment to all the prisoners, including older prisoners and those with chronic diseases.
LOCAL POLICE OF TURIN
The Digital Technology Investigations Unit (whose acronym in italian language is N.I.S.T. – Nucleo Investigazioni Scientifiche e Tecnologiche), headed by Chief Commissioner Gianfranco Todesco, within the Local Police of Turin runs complex criminal investigations through its skilled and qualified staff.
The Unit employs 1 Chief Commissioner, 1 Commissioner and 16 analysts. As law enforcement agency, it provides services for urban security and safety by collecting information, conducting ICT investigations, implementing activities of prevention and prosecution of criminal offences, analysis of large video data streams aimed to develop strategies for managing complex and crowd intensive events. Live monitoring of mass gatherings either for security or safety purposes, in order to prevent accidents with precise interventions on the field, but also implementing actions to investigate and punish illegal behaviors. Crosscheck of multiple data from (un)structured sources including web, social networks and sensors to integrate and enhance planning and management of crowd intensive events.
The Unit has four internal laboratories (skilled in Forensics, Video Analysis and biometric, Data Intelligence and Document’s Analysis) and is involved in research and development activity, focused on innovative instruments for urban security together with Polytechnic of Turin staff.
Since October 2015 it took shape the agreement between the City of Turin, Turin Polytechnic and SITIHigher Institute on Territorial Systems for Innovation, which led NIST personnel to work side by side with SITI and Polytechnic staff. This partnership is aimed at developing project proposals, as part of EU funded projects, focused on developing urban security technologies and policies, transports’ safety, video surveillance, analysis of crowd behaviours, mass-gathering and large events’ management, etc.
The Unit has thus gained significant experience and knowhow that led it to be asked, by several international partners, to participate as member of the advisory board in several EU funded projects.
NIST personnel usually deals with professionals from different countries, speaking and writing: English, French, Spanish and German.
EXPERT SYSTEM IBERIA
Founded in 1989, Expert System is a big player in the big data analytics and semantic intelligence market that has developed a proprietary state-of-the-art software technology that understands the meaning of written language. Expert System is headquartered in Modena, Italy and has branches in US, UK, France, Spain and Germany. Expert system will participate in TRIVALENT through the Spanish branch, specialized in NLP and semantic technologies.
The company’s flagship product COGITO is an award-winning intelligence platform that can extract insights from large-scale, high-volume unstructured data: this technology can be applied to TRIVALENT scenarios and use cases providing a set of features oriented to text analysis (entities, relations and emotions extraction, stylometric analysis etc) as support for LEAs and end users to prevent and assess risk/threats about radicalization process in order to improve protection.
PROVINCIAL POLICE HEADQUARTERS IN GDANSK
The Provincial Police Headquarters in Gdańsk with the Chief Constable is a government administration body responsible for protecting citizens and ensuring law and order in the Pomeranian Province. The Pomeranian Province is situated in the Northern Poland, covering a territory of 18 923 km2 and being populated by 2 452 000 citizens. There are 5 700 police officers and 1 400 civil staff working for the Pomeranian Police.
The whole organization consists of criminal, patrol and supportive services. Pomeranian Police were awarded EU grants from such Programmes as Hercule II and Hercule III, Leonardo da Vinci Lifelong Learning Programme, European Social Fund, European Regional Development Fund and others.
A terrorism issue is dealt with by the Criminal Department, the Anti-Terrorist Subsquad, the Emergency Department, the Psychologists’ Department and the Prevention Department.
The Prevention Department of the Provincial Police Headquarters in Gdańsk coordinates preventive tasks in 4 City and 15 County Police Stations of the Pomeranian region, such as: patrolling; ensuring safety in transport and on waters; initiating, implementing and coordinating educational programmes addressed to children, teenagers and local communities; actions aiming at preventing corruption and juvenile delinquency as well as limiting social pathology; carrying out tasks determined in national programmes for safety and public order; work of community officers.
In respect of terrorism, police officers from the Prevention Department provide trainings for other police officers covering the following topics:
- recognizing threatening situations
- acting in case of a terrorist threat eg. explosives
- cooperating with other services in case of evacuation
- alarm instruction
Also, police officers conduct trainings on demand for schools, municipal and community social welfare centres, banks and other institutions.
World Youth Day in 2016 was a great security challenge. Thus police officers from the Provincial Police Headquarters in Gdańsk trained staff from Police, Border Guards, Municipality, priests and volunteers in preventing terrorism.
ALBANIAN STATE POLICE
The Albanian State Police is the national police and law enforcement agency, which operates throughout the Republic of Albania. The Ministry of Public Order and the General Directorate of Police was established in April 1991, and the new law of July 1991 established the Public Order Police. On November 4, 1991, the Albanian Police was accepted as a member of INTERPOL. The General Director of State Police is the highest administrative, technical, and operational authority in the State Police, which sits structurally in the Ministry of Internal Affairs. There is also a Deputy General Director of the State Police.
The General Directorate of State Police is composed of the following departments:
- Investigation of Organized and Serious Crimes;
- Public Security;
- Border and Migration;
- Support Services;
A High Leader Director heads each of these Departments.
There are also some Directorates that depend directly from the General Director of Police. One of them is the Directorate of Antiterrorism. Till 2014 this Directorate was at the level of sector within the Department of Serious and Organized Crime.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs by Order no.548/7 dated 17.10.2014, approved the creation of the Antiterrorism Directorate in ASP:
The mission of this structure is to reduce the maximum risk to terrorism connected to our country and our interests, providing improved security features and increase community confidence for preventive measures against terrorist acts and phenomena.
- Exchange of information with Europol/Interpol between police in EU countries and the region.
- Utilizing the experiences and joint investigations with police states and regional counterparts.
- Drafting and approval of the National Strategy for Combating violent extremism and Action Plan 2016 – 2020. Adopted with the decision the Council of Ministers No.30 date 18.11.2015.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs has taken legal initiative for changes of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Albania, and the Law No. 98/2014 made some amendments and they are considered as criminal offenses as follows:
- Participation in military actions in a foreign country, Article 265/a.
- Organization for participation in military actions in a foreign country Article 265/b.
- Call for participation in violent military action in a foreign country, article 265/c.
In terms of legislation, the Republic of Albania has adopted and continues to adapt the legal framework for the fight against terrorism, in accordance with the recommendations of the “Framework Decision of the Council of Europe Convention on Combating Terrorism”, Luxembourg, on 13.06.2002, which requires that definition of terrorist crimes to be aligned in all Member States, including those crimes related to terrorist groups.
The Antiterrorism Directorate cooperates with all partners of the European Union and furthermore.