TRIVALENT is a research project funded by the European Commission.

Title Terrorism pReventIon Via rAdicaLisation countEr-NarraTive
Duration 36 months – from 1/5/2017 to 30/4/2020
Topic SEC-06-FCT-2016
Developing a comprehensive approach to violent radicalization in the EU from early understanding to improving protection
Keywords Semantic analysis; Radicalisation narratives; Radicalisation counter-narratives; Policies; Cooperation between LEAs and civil society
Funding 2 720 420 € (100%)



On the assumption that to successfully contrast violent extremism it is needed a more balanced response, combining repressive with preventive measures, TRIVALENT project aims to a better understanding of root causes of the phenomenon of violent radicalisation in Europe, through a multidisciplinary analysis leading to a comprehensive approach, based on a firm commitment to respecting fundamental rights, promoting integration, cultural dialogue and fighting discrimination, in order to develop appropriate countermeasures, ranging from early detection methodologies to techniques of counter-narrative, involving LEAs together with academics, experts and civil society actors at local, national and European level, in collaboration also with communities of reference

Project Research Aims

  1. To develop on the basis of a theoretical multidisciplinary study complex multidimensional models for better understanding the root-causes and related specific characteristics of violent radicalisation, defining different categories of radicalised individuals as well as providing a set of early detection indicators;
  2. To critically assess strengths and weaknesses of different types of policies for countering radicalisation by testing them in the context of national and local experiences through a comparative analysis, with emphasis on best practices, aiming at the definition of a set of policy recommendations targeting different types of radicalised individuals;
  3. To work out instruments for the analysis of specific online contents and communication codes used by extremist groups, with an aim to contribute to the creation of media communication strategies directed to spread, both online and offline, an alternative narrative and counter-narrative;
  4. To study and contribute to improved information exchange and more effective means of cooperation, coordination and communication between LEAs, local authorities/communities and civil society actors;
  5. To study and contribute to elaborate suitable means and countermeasures to prevent youth radicalisation in the families and at schools, as well as to develop measures to contrast the spreading of extremism among those detained;
  6. To strengthen and update existing methodologies and to improve competencies, skills and characteristics of the practitioners involved in preventing, detecting or countering violent extremism;
  7. To validate with LEAs partners, other practitioners and civil society actors, the results achieved by the research/study activities, and to disseminate them in the various institutional and social contexts.

Project Methodology

The methodological framework of TRIVALENT encompasses the following main steps:

  • analysis of radicalisation processes (including literature review, surveys/interviews with LEAs and experts, online and offline narratives, radicalization grooming patterns, alerts to radicalization turning points);
  • analysis of prevent policies on the basis of comparing existing policies and identifying good practices; radicalisation alternatives analysis; LEAs gaps and civil society relationship analysis;
  • field validation of project results/proposals.

Each step will be carried out using different methods and information sources, and involving all relevant actors, such as governmental/public authorities, first line practitioners and other experts, local community/religious organisations, and civil society at large.

Project Expected Results

Main expected results are:

  1. multi-dimensional model aimed at better understanding the factors and steps leading to violent radicalization, as well as to identify different typologies of radicalized individuals;
  2. IT techniques for identifying violent/non-violent radical social media accounts, using content, network, and behaviour analysis methods;
  3. IT tools to track radicalisation stages and alert of radicalisation turning points;
  4. alternative narrative techniques, identifying appropriate channels and media to spread them, and related methods to assess their effectiveness;
  5. improving/developing new skills and competencies of LEAs through pilot training courses (train-the-trainers);
  6. developing IT tools to foster communication/ cooperation between LEAs and civil society;
  7. providing policy recommendations basically focused on prevent measures and cooperative efforts involving all the relevant actors.